Just What Is a MASTIFF?
The correct name of this breed is simply "Mastiff", though it is sometimes referred to as "English Mastiff" or, less correctly, "Old English Mastiff". There are many other Mastiff-type or "Molosser" breeds that are often confused with (or inaccurately reported as) the Mastiff but which are separate and distinct breeds. A few of the breeds often confused with the Mastiff are the Bullmastiff, Cane Corso, Dogue de Bordeaux, Fila Brasileiro, Mastin Del Pirineo, Mastin Espanol, Neapolitan Mastiff, Presa Canario, Tibetan Mastiff, and many others which fall into the larger category of "Molosser" breeds. These dogs are not Mastiffs. Each is a separate and distinct breed. CEMC is dedicated to protecting the welfare of the true Mastiff breed only.
Are You Sure You Want a Mastiff?
Many people see a Mastiff and fall in love at first sight. It's easy to see
why. They have big soft eyes, gentle dispositions, and love nothing more than a
hug (which they solicit by leaning their huge heads against your leg and gazing
longingly into your eyes). Irresistible -- right?
What many people do not understand is how much goes into raising and caring for one of these gentle giants. They're more expensive to
buy, care for, feed and treat medically. Generally speaking, Mastiffs have
shorter life spans than many smaller breeds. They require a lot more
"socialization" -- that is, they need lots of exposure to new
environments early on. Just imagine trying to control a rambunctious 6-month-old
puppy that weighs in at 100 pounds or more and is determined to jump up on an
approaching stranger or startled by a sudden loud noise.
So, if you are considering your first Mastiff puppy, I hope you will take time to consider a few things before making a commitment.
Mastiff puppies are not cheap. You can pay from $500 to $5,000 for one Mastiff puppy, though the price from a reputable breeder will average in the $1,800 to $2,500 range. If you see one advertised for much less than this, there is usually a reason. Sometimes, ill-informed people will purchase a male and a female, knowing little to nothing about their health, history, ancestors or AKC status. They will allow the dogs to breed at will and produce as many puppies as possible, knowing they can sell for less than a breeder who is selective about his/her breedings. They won't know whether these puppies will be predisposed to any number of genetic health problems, many of which can now be avoided with good screening and testing. You won't be able to get a good idea of the temperaments of the parents as they will may have been raised in small outdoor pens (or worse) without any socialization and little to no human contact. Is this really what you want -- a toss of the dice?
will vary widely, but the average adult Mastiff female will
weigh 130-180 lbs, while the average male will weigh in at 170-250 lbs.!
Are you up to training your puppy early so it wonít be taking you for a walk when itís fully grown?
Have you considered how you will get your dog to the house or to your car if it
is sick or injured (or
just doesnít feel like getting up right now)?
By the way, these guys have enough to carry around at a healthy weight.
You can take years of life away from your new best friend by letting him/her get
overweight! No matter what the scales say or you
adoring eyes see, if you canít see a couple of ribs, your dog is FAT and
probably not feeling its best.
adult Mastiffs don't eat as much as you might expect for such a large dog, they
do consume a lot of food,
especially while they are growing and gaining five pounds a week or more!
Your breeder will probably recommend a good quality food (probably a specific
brand or even a natural diet) and supplements to support the pup's nutritional
Veterinary costs will
be higher, as will medication
-- count on it.
typical active clumsy Mastiff puppy can easily injure itself simply playing or
bounding down the stairs, tearing a ligament that will require surgery that can
run several thousand dollars to repair. Simple antibiotics for a minor
skin infection may be four or five times what you would pay for a smaller breed
because of dosage requirements of this massive breed.
Consider, also, that not every vet is prepared to treat a Mastiff. There are considerations like the sizes of medical supplies and equipment, knowledge of giant breed peculiarities with things like anesthesia, even sufficient staff to move an injured or immobilized Mastiff into an exam room or onto a surgical table or x-ray table, etc. You could find yourself searching outside your own area to find a vet equipped to handle your new puppy.
you have an active family with lots of extracurricular activities? Always
on the go? If so, you should plan on having your Mastiff puppy attend all
of your activities with you or find some other breed. Mastiffs are
decidedly "people dogs." They do not do well left alone.
They want more than anything else to be with you. Their desire to be with
"their" people is bred so deeply into their roots that many people who
own Mastiffs call them "Velcro" dogs. It can feel as if they are
permanently attached to your side. While
some people enjoy this level of loyalty, others may find it annoying.
a dog to jog along with you or play "fetch" in the park? Might
want to look somewhere else. You'll be lucky to get your Mastiff to fetch
your Frisbee or tennis ball for you once or twice before he decides to take a
rest. And, after jogging a time or two around the block, your Mastiff will
probably decide it makes more sense to find some shady spot and wait for you to
complete your laps so he can go back to the house and sleep. Oh --
and, yes, --they do snore! And, while weíre on the topic
-- their other ends can produce a fair amount of noise too -- along with enough
fumes to clear a ballroom!
how about your house?
Is it ready for a Mastiff? True -- Mastiffs do have short hair, but it
falls out (sheds)
with regularity and you'll find it everywhere. Even if you don't allow the
puppy on the furniture, you'll still find plenty of hair when you sit down on
the sofa. How do you feel about
slobber, slime and drool?
most Mastiffs don't drool all the time, the mere thought of food or a quick
drink from the water bowl can produce remarkable foot-long "slingers"
which can wind up in amazing places with the slightest shake of the head.
And remember -- your Mastiff won't care whether you're wearing your old jeans or
your new white cocktail dress when it leans its head up against your leg to look
at you with those adoring eyes. (Mastiffs learn early that your leg is
just right for wiping away those unsightly goobers.)
Are you ready to housebreak a Mastiff puppy? Generally, Mastiffs housebreak very easily, especially if their breeders let them learn to relieve themselves outside in the grass. But they're still puppies and they will have "accidents." And you won't be able to clean them up with a tissue like you would if you had a Chihuahua puppy, especially if puppy has had a little tummy ache. Something to consider.
a Mastiff fit into your family both now and in the long term? Do you have
children? If so, are they big enough that they won't be knocked over by
that big wagging tail? Just as important, are they old enough to know to
treat a puppy gently regardless of its size? Mastiffs may be huge but,
even as puppies, they're terribly patient and take an awful lot of abuse,
especially from the hands of the children they love. Will your children
know not to try to ride on "Max's" back or pull too hard on
"Minnie's" big soft ears?
you want a puppy that can grow up with your toddlers and see them off to
college? At best, a Mastiff may live to 13 or 14 -- and most become
geriatric much earlier.
do you have older people in your family who will have difficulty stepping over
your dog to get from one room to another. Once settled in a comfortable
position, Mastiffs aren't inclined to disturb themselves over something as
inconsequential as courtesy.
you wanting a Mastiff to act as a fierce guard dog or to reflect your strong
masculine side? If so, you might want to look somewhere else. While
most Mastiffs will want to see that you are safe at their side, they won't be as
wary of strangers or appear as threatening as the more traditional guarding
And -- for you men -- many a disillusioned man has purchased a Mastiff puppy with dreams of having a huge macho dog strutting by his side, only to find his giant companion prefers the company of the woman in the home -- choosing gentle hugs over wrestling on the rug.
If all of this sounds like an attempt to
dissuade you from getting a Mastiff pup, you're right. A Mastiff is
definitely not for everyone. Just ask any member of the Friends Of Rescued Mastiffs (F.O.R.M.)
how many dogs they receive annually from well-meaning people who purchased a
Mastiff puppy and realized too late what they were getting themselves
into. Sadly, they also see many Mastiffs who have been neglected,
mistreated, caged, abused, or bred until their bodies are spent. It's a
testament to the breed that, even after this treatment, most of these dogs
readily learn to trust and accept human comfort and seem to bond even more
closely to anyone offering a kind hand. So -- if you're considering a
Mastiff but don't feel the need to experience the "joys" of puppy
rearing, consider contacting the good folks at
Friends Of Rescued Mastiffs
you decide, take your time. Talk to lots of owners and breeders; talk
to your veterinarian; read about the breed; ask lots of questions. Visit a
Mastiff in his home. Find a breeder you feel you can
trust -- someone who cares about their puppies and where they are going --
someone you can contact when you have questions or concerns. Be
willing to wait for the right puppy to come along. Once you start
searching, you'll find lots of information and plenty of puppies out
Youíve visited the Cascade English Mastiff web site and read this far - you're off to a good start.